Africanism is an ideology and practice with many fathers. Indeed, Edward Wilmot Blyden is one of the earliest people associated with the organized desire of the descendants of the Africans deported to the West to return to Africa. Kwame Nkrumah, W.E.B. DuBois, and George Padmore are also named among the thinkers, activists, and politicians who advanced this movement. But there is perhaps no name more wedded to the “Back to Africa” concept as Marcus Mosiah Garvey. Born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, on August 17, 1887, Garvey grew up the West Indies and later traveled to England, where he worked for influential political journal called the African Times and Orient Review. In 1917, he made his first voyage to the United States. He landed in Harlem – the Black version of America’s melting pot, where hustlers and intellectuals were forced by the nation’s racial rules to live together amidst the church ladies and showgirls.
International Monetary Fund (IMF) chief Christine Lagarde led an attack by global economic organizations on U.S. President Donald Trump’s “America First” trade policy on Monday, warning that clouds over the global economy “are getting darker by the day”. Trump backed out of a joint communique agreed by Group of Seven leaders in Canada at the weekend that mentioned the need for “free, fair and mutually beneficial trade” and the importance of fighting protectionism. The U.S. president, who has imposed import tariffs on metals, is furious about the United States’ large trade deficit with key allies. “Fair trade is now to be called fool trade if it is not reciprocal,” he tweeted on Monday. In response, Lagarde unleashed a thinly veiled attack on Trump’s trade policy, saying challenges to the way trade is conducted were damaging business confidence, which had soured even since the weekend G7 summit. The Washington-based IMF is sticking to its forecast for global growth of 3.9 percent both this year and next, she said, before adding: “But the clouds on the horizon that we have signaled about six months ago are getting darker by the day, and I was going to say by the weekend.”
Nyeree and the Vision of a United States of Africa
Julius Kambarage Nyerere, one of the patriarchs of pan-Africanism, may be gone but he still stands out as a relentless pan-Africanist who sought the freedom and unity of the African people with a passion. We have loived to tell the tale that through out his political struggle for independence and unity, Nyerere did choose to campaign using non-violent methods, as was inspired by Indian independence leader Mahatma Gandhi.
It was with deep sorrow that I was rudely confronted on 25th April 2018 by the news of the demise of my mentor, Professor Adebayo Adedeji, the quintessential development expert who held sway at the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) from 1975 to 1991. For over four decades, Adedeji was indisputably the leading proponent of regional integration in Africa. He was widely regarded as the intellectual father of African integration, just as Raul Prebisch was of Latin American integration and Jean Monnet the European integration. He persistently stressed that economic co-operation among African states is a sine-qua-non for the achievement of national socio-economic goals, and not an “extra” to be given thought to after the process of development is well advanced. He remained a peerless champion for regional integration in Africa, indeed, the epitome of the push for integration in Africa.
Brazil: Police disproportionately kill black youth in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Young black men are disproportionately killed by police in São Paulo, one richest states in Brazil and Latin America, according to a study released last week by Samira Bueno, a sociologist and chief executive officer of the Brazilian Forum on Public Security. The survey looked into 3,107 records in 20 cities in the state of São Paulo between 2013 and 2016. Bueno also interviewed 16 ex-police officers at the Romão Gomes military prison. She found that 67% of the people killed by police officers in the period were black or mixed-race, while 16% were under 17 years of age.Valdênia Paulino Lanfranchi, a human rights activist and member of the Sapopemba Human Rights Center who works especially with youth, points to the fact that a significant number of victims are teenagers, who should be protected by the State.
On April 9, two Afro-Colombian men, both 20 years old and members of the Afro-Colombian folklore group Son del Yembe, were gunned down in a drive-by shooting in Ciudad Bolivar, a neighbourhood in the southwest part of Bogota. "We must finish off the blacks," the killers shouted. So far this year, 14 Afro-Colombian youths have been killed in the Colombian capital (not to mention the deadly anti-black violence in other major cities like Cali or Medellin). Threats have increased as well. Through May and June, the National Association of Displaced Afro-Colombians (AFRODES) and other Afro-Colombian advocacy groups have been receiving death threats. A few weeks ago sinister Facebook messages were sent to Luz Erika Alegria Angulo, the director of AFODES.
On May 11, the West African Dance and West African Music and Culture classes performed at the Center for the Arts Courtyard. The invigorating performances featured Wesleyan Artist-in-Residence and choreographer Iddi Saaka, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music and master drummer John Dankwa, and master drummer Mohammed Alidu. Throughout the semester, students learned the fundamental principles and aesthetics of West African dance through learning to embody basic movement vocabulary and selected traditional dances from Ghana. Photos of the performance are below: (Photos by Olivia Drake)
In 1911 a German ethnographer, Leo Frobenius visited Ile-Ife and discovered some sculptures that the local people dug up to use in religious rituals and then returned to the earth. The statues in bronze and terra cotta were so naturalistic that he did not believe that they were made by Africans. He insisted that he had discovered the remains of the lost Greek city of Atlantis. Study by other archeologists revealed that this art was the work of the Yoruba of Ile-Ife between 1000 to 1399. Since then, the Art of the Yoruba people of lle and Benin continues to attract art lovers all over the world.
Pressure has been building on the Nelson Mandela Foundation to withdraw an invitation to former US President Barack Obama who is scheduled to travel to South Africa next month to deliver the NGO's annual lecture, which this year marks the late anti-apartheid icon's birth centennial. In an open letter, the Cage Africa advocacy group said that during his eight-year tenure as president and commander-in-chief of the US army, Obama was directly responsible for a massive expansion of US military operations in Africa, including special operations and drone attacks."Giving this man a platform would be tantamount to condoning these actions, something that Nelson Mandela would surely have stood against," the letter, published earlier this month, read. "This is especially pertinent given Nelson Mandela's legacy as an individual who was also once designated a 'terrorist' and suffered torture and imprisonment as a result, and who despite this is now regarded as one of the pre-eminent figureheads for justice around the world."
French Press Agency, Feb. 23, 1998, titled “Scientist Traces All DNA Roots to Africa,” the following was reported from Vatican City: The first man and woman lived up to 200,000 years ago in an earthly paradise somewhere in southern or northeastern Africa, according to the Jesuit Father Angelo Serra, professor of genetics at Rome’s Catholic university. Serra made the claim during a speech on the origins of man delivered to the general assembly of the pontifical academy on life, which began on Monday in the Vatican. The priest said his view was widely held as a result of research carried out in 1996 by academics in California and Arizona. Serra argued that this research supported the monogenist theory of only one “Adam” and one “Eve.” He said the research had allowed the genetic origin of a single Eve to be discovered through DNA analysis of mitochondrial which are passed through the female line. Research carried out at last year allowed the genetic origin of a single Adam to be identified through analysis of Y chromosome DNA, he said.